Zuid South Route
Explore the military past of “Het Zuid”. Spanish rule, Napoleon, the Belgian revolution, World War II. All these periods and events left their mark on this part of the city. Find out how, during a walk among the stately mansions and town houses, squares and boulevards of Antwerp’s Zuid district.
There are still remnants of the former Spanish citadel, or Zuidkasteel (South Castle) under the Royal Museum of Fine Arts (KMSKA).
The first V bomb over Antwerp was dropped here in this location during World War II. The plaque commemorates the bombings that ravaged the city in 1944 and 1945 respectively.
The Spanish citadel was encircled by a moat. Here archaeologists found traces of steps to the citadel moat.
Napoleon ordered a series of slipways to be built near the present-day Cockerillkaai. They were part of the shipyard where a war fleet was to be built.
Before the Spanish ramparts and citadel were built, the city relied on medieval ramparts and towers for its protection. Kronenburg Tower was one of these defences.
Under Napoleon, the French government built an arsenal for its war fleet, in the area between the Scheldt and Kloosterstraat, installing a shipyard and several workshops.
Archaeologists found traces in this location of early settlement and military defences from various periods.
Antwerp’s first parish church, which over time transformed into the large and powerful Saint Michael’s Abbey, originally stood here.
This command bunker was built at the end of the 1930s. The Passive Air Raid Defence Department coordinated its activities from here in case of a bombing.
The ‘Scheldt Free’ statue group commemorates the buying off of the Scheldt toll. The monument was created on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the re-opening of the Scheldt.
The Spanish citadel was a pentagonal defence. There was a bastion, a polygonal bulwark, on every corner. This is where the Toledo Bastion used to be.