Antwerp heritage

Moats and ravelins

The Spanish citadel was encircled by a moat. Here archaeologists found traces of steps to the citadel moat.

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  • Detail from a sixteenth-century map of the citadel, indicating the steps to the moat
  • The citadel and the indication of the ravelin that was built here to protect the main entrance
  • Archaeologists unearthed the cobbled incline adjacent to the moat wall
  • There was an older brick staircase just under the incline