Antwerp heritage

Spanish Ramparts

The Spanish ramparts were built around 1550 by Emperor Charles V as a five-kilometre long defence around Antwerp.

  •  The map by Virgilius Bononiensis from 1565
  • Spanish ramparts with Alva's citadel, 1568
  • Entry of Alexander Farnèse, Duke of Parma in 1585
  • Spanish ramparts with a view of the quays circa 1800
  • Ramparts around 1850 on the plan by Le Beau
  • A historic photo of the canals (the present-day Frankrijklei)
  • The demolition of the ramparts in 1864